- CUMBERLAND, WILLIAM AUGUSTUS, DUKE OF
- second son of George II., was defeated at Fontenoy by the French in 1745; defeated the Pretender next year at Culloden; earned the title of "The Butcher" by his cruelties afterwards; was beaten in all his battles except this one (1721-1765).
The Nuttall Encyclopaedia. James Wood. 1907.
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